Camelina sativa (L).Crantz also known as false flax, Dutch flax is an ancient oil
seed crop that belongs to the Brassicaceae family. Camelina oil pressed from the seeds of
this crop has a unique aroma.
Eighteen camelina oil samples were analyzed for fatty acid composition (13
unrefined, 2 deodorized and 3 refined samples). Eight of these samples were analyzed for
unsaponifiables content, free fatty acids and volatiles and semi-volatile compounds.
Seven camelina seed samples were analyzed for volatile and semi-volatile compounds as
well to determine the suitability of these products in animal feed formulations.
Camelina : Food and Crop product
Camelina is a crop native to Finland, Romania and regions east of the Ural mountains. Camelina, is a summer annual oilseed plant. Leindotter, wild flax and gold of pleasure are the popular common names for the crop. Seeds and capsules of the crop have been found in archaeological excavations from the Bronze Age in Scandinavia (Fan & Eskin, 2013). The crop has been an important oil crop for centuries with references to its cultivation in the Rhine valley region of Germany as far back as 600 BC. The crop was widely grown in Northern and Eastern Europe up to the early 1940's but was replaced with the introduction and widespread use of oilseed rape (Fan & Eskin, 2013). The crop is sometimes referred to as false flax and reaches a height of approximately 90 cm......
重點三⟫薺藍籽油的神經酸薺藍籽油不只有健康的脂肪酸組成，還含有一種特殊的脂肪酸「神經酸」（Nervonic Acid），是一長鏈的單元不飽和脂肪酸（cis-15-tetracosenoic acid），因其大量分佈於腦部與神經的細胞膜上而得名。
Camelina has emerged in the last decade as a multipurpose crop plant particularly suitable for engineering
new lipids for diverse uses, including feed, biofuel and green chemistry. The rebirth of this ancient crop was based on
several intrinsic favorable characteristics: robust agronomic qualities, attractive oil profile, genetic proximity with the
model plant arabidopsis, ease of genetic transformation by floral dip. The need to increase both the production and
diversity of plant oils, while improving the sustainability of agricultural systems, has been the driving forces behind the
ever-increasing investment in camelina research.Worldwide interest in engineering camelina has led to the development
of a remarkable pipeline that allows the rapid production and phenotyping of new lines; it includes specific tools, such
as databases, collections of natural accessions, methods of genetic transformation and lipid analysis. Implementation of
numerous metabolic pathways in camelina for the production of novel lipids has highlighted the potential as well as the
versatility of this new "old" oilseed crop that is well on the way to becoming an ideal plant chassis for lipid synthetic
Beneficial effects of Camelina sativa oil on behavioural(memory, anxiety, depression and social-related)manifestations and oxidative stress parameters ina mice model of irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic functional gastrointestinal impairment, which
includes also a variety of psychological and psychiatric comorbidities. The oxidative stress was earlier
reported as presenting an important part of the IBS complex pathophysiology. In the present study, we
determined the fatty acids profile and thereafter the effects of Camelina sativa Madalina variety cold pressed
oil in a zymosan-induced model of IBS. We are showing here some facilitatory effects of the Camelina
sativa oil in this context, both on the behavioral and oxidative stress-related actions. Thus, all these results
are suggesting some beneficial effects for the present Camelina sativa oil used in this study on behavioural
(memory, anxiety, depression and social-related) manifestations and oxidative stress parameters in a
zymosan-induced mice model of irritable bowel syndrome. This could be relevant for the connections
between the physiological manifestations in IBS and its depressive-like or anxiolytic-like manifestations.
In conclusion, Camelina sativa oil exerted facilitatory effects on both the behavioral (short memory, as
tested in the Y maze task, anxiety-tested in the elevated plsu maze, depression, as observed in the forced
swimming test and social-dominance test) and oxidative stress-related actions (mainly manifested through
a general increase of the two main antioxidant enzymes determined here: superoxide dismutase and
glutathione peroxidase, as well as a decrease in the lipid peroxidation marker malondialdehyde).
Camelina sativa is well known due to high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids in its oil. Till now
this oil has been studied mainly for applications as raw material for synthesis of resins, biodiesel
and hydrocarbon fuels. This study examines the oxidative stability of cold-pressed Camelina sa-
tiva (also known as camelina, false flax or gold-of-pleasure) oil and its extracts of spices. Despite
the high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, Camelina sativa oil appeared more rigid against
oxidation than rapeseed or flax oil. Extracts of different spices were prepared by maceration in
camelina oil at room temperature for 24 h. The stability of extracts was determined under acceler-
ated oxidation conditions and monitored by peroxide values. Most of the tested additives (e.g.,
bay leaves, allspice, clove, barley sprouts, coriander, ginger) did not influence or even decreased
oxidative stability of the oil. However, oil with thyme additive demonstrated remarkably higher sta-
bility then Camelina sativa oil alone. Press-cakes of camelina seeds were extracted with two polar
solvents (ethanol or water) and their mixtures under variable conditions (room temperature or re-
flux). Prepared polar extracts of press-cakes were characterised by total polyphenol content (Fo-
lin–Ciocalteu method) and antiradical activity against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl and
All about camelina oil. Camelina oil is an extraordinary product for our health. Possible harm of camelina oil
Useful properties and contraindications of camelina oil have been known since time immemorial. In the recent past, on the territory of European countries, there was a tradition of cultivating oilseeds with bright orange seeds. Basically, pomace was used in the kitchen for cooking cold and hot dishes. With the advent of cheap sunflower, camelina oil moved from the category of everyday to gourmet. .....